Barceló A, Esquinas C, Piérola J, De la Peña M, Sánchez-de-la-Torre M, Montserrat JM, Marín JM, Duran J, Arqué M, Bauça JM, Barbé F.


BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency and high levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) appear to be emerging risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MS), diabetes and cardiovascular disease, conditions that occur frequently in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).

OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and PTH were associated with the presence of MS, diabetes and hypertension among an OSAS population.

METHODS: A total of 826 patients (635 men and 191 women) with newly diagnosed OSAS were studied. The occurrence of the MS was analyzed according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III clinical criteria. Serum levels of 25(OH)D, PTH, glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, creatinine and uric acid were determined.

RESULTS: In 55.3% of the men and in 63.2% of the women, the serum 25(OH)D level was less than 30 ng/ml (insufficient status). After adjusting for age, sex and seasonality, there was a significant trend of decreasing odds for diabetes [odds ratio (OR) 0.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.33-0.94, ptrend = 0.038] and MS (OR 0.34, 95% CI 0.21-0.56, ptrend < 0.001) with increasing vitamin D levels. Higher PTH levels were associated with a higher prevalence of obesity (OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.06-3.09, ptrend < 0.001) and hypertension (OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.01-3.05, ptrend = 0.049).

CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest an inverse association of 25(OH)D with diabetes and MS and a positive association of PTH with obesity and hypertension among patients with OSAS. Based on our observational study, the causative nature of the associations cannot be established. These findings require further examination in prospective studies including clinical trials.

Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PMID: 23154407