Turino C, de Batlle J, Woehrle H, Mayoral A, Castro-Grattoni AL, Gómez S, Dalmases M, Sánchez-de-la-Torre M, Barbé F.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), but treatment compliance is often unsatisfactory. This study investigated the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of telemonitoring for improving CPAP compliance.100 newly diagnosed OSA patients requiring CPAP (apnoea-hypopnoea index >15 events·h-1) were randomised to standard management or a telemonitoring programme that collected daily information about compliance, air leaks and residual respiratory events, and initiated patient contact to resolve issues. Clinical/anthropometric variables, daytime sleepiness and quality of life were recorded at baseline and after 3 months. Patient satisfaction, additional visits/calls, side-effects and total costs were assessed.There were no significant differences between the standard and telemedicine groups in terms of CPAP compliance (4.9±2.2 versus 5.1±2.1 h·night-1), symptoms, clinical variables, quality of life and unwanted effects. Telemedicine was less expensive than standard management (EUR123.65 versus EUR170.97; p=0.022) and was cost-effective (incremental cost-effectiveness ratio EUR17 358.65 per quality-adjusted life-year gained). Overall patient satisfaction was high, but significantly more patients rated satisfaction as high/very high in the standard management versus telemedicine group (96% versus 74%; p=0.034).Telemonitoring did not improve CPAP treatment compliance and was associated with lower patient satisfaction. However, it was more cost-effective than traditional follow-up.
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